Along with being more prone to certain medical and health issues, children with Down syndrome are also more susceptible to having certain behavioural characteristics.
Causes of behaviour
- Inappropriate tasks
- Reinforcing inappropriate behaviour
- Failure to acknowledge positive behaviour frequently
- Language too complex
- Environmental factors
All behaviour has a purpose
- To initiate social contact
- To escape or avoid
- To obtain objects or events
- To express emotion or to reduce stress
- For sensory stimulation
Teaching New Skills
- Task Analysis - breaking things down into little steps e.g. putting on a smock.
- Backward chaining is used to give the child success e.g. jigsaws, socks on.
- Modelling - showing what it looks like or how it works e.g. top, push toy, drawing.
- Co-active movement - it feels like this e.g. painting, jumping, drawing.
Hand over hand
- Teach appropriate behaviour even if the child does not like it. Do what the brain needs not what the child wants.
- Fluctuating hearing loss
- Reduced memory digit span
- Auditory processing
- Delayed speech - signing
Frustration in any of the above may be interpreted as inappropriate behaviour. Using signing to support communication and signs should always be accompanied with speech.